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National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP)

The National Assessment of Educational Progress or NAEP is a federal assessment of students in grades 4, 8, and 12. It runs in two-year cycles. During odd years such as 2008-09, NAEP tests three subjects and provides results for every state for grades 4 and 8. It also provides national results for grades 4, 8, and 12. During even years, NAEP often assesses social studies subjects and/or arts for national results. It also sustains an older version of NAEP called the Long-Term Trend Study. It also conducts pilot testing and field testing during even years. NAEP calls the years in which there are state results "big NAEP" and the years when there are only national results "small NAEP." The table at the end of this overview indicates the subjects by year.

NAEP tests a sample of students rather than all students. NAEP statisticians randomly choose about 3,000 students for each NAEP subject in a grade level for each state during the "big NAEP" years. For example, if three subjects are tested, NAEP statisticians randomly choose about 9,000 grade 4 students and about 9,000 grade 8 students. For Hawaii, this means that every public and public charter school with grade 8 students will get chosen to participate during "big NAEP" years. About 70% of Hawaii's elementary schools get chosen. Additionally, if a school's grade 4 enrollment exceeds 1% of the state's grade 4 enrollment, that school will be chosen each "big NAEP" year. During even years, NAEP chooses fewer than twenty public and public charter schools, because fewer students are needed for national-only results.

Hawaii is one of eighteen states to have participated in every NAEP assessment since 1990. The NAEP results confirm some important gains. In 2007, Hawaii was the only state to show significant gains in all the subjects tested and at both grade levels. Hawaii's gains have been especially strong in grade 4 mathematics and grade 4 reading. Disaggregated results show trends for different sub-groups.

In addition to providing results that show trends in each state and the Nation, NAEP also provides a basis for comparing results in all fifty states plus the District of Columbia and the Department of Defense schools. If you go to the http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard and then click on ANALYZE DATA, you can retrieve and analyze results for all NAEP demographics for Hawaii, the nation, and the other states. At this same site, if you click on SAMPLE QUESTIONS, you can retrieve the items that NAEP has released, along with answer keys, rubrics, results, samples of student work, and data on how students responded. The other postings listed below are based either on data analysis or the sample questions. You are always welcome to contact the NAEP state coordinator with questions, comments, or requests for assistance using the NAEP web site. As his schedule permits, the NAEP state coordinator is also available for presentations at schools and civic organizations.

Other postings provide greater detail. These postings include or will soon include:

Revisions to some of the item compilations will occur after NAEP releases additional math items (in October) and reading items (in February). Science items will be posted soon.

NAEP Subjects by Year1
Subject #1
Subject #2, if any
Subject #3, if any
Subject #4, if any
1969-70 Citizenship Science Writing
1970-71 Literature Reading
1971-72 Music Social Studies
1972-73 Long-Term Trend Study2, Math Long-Term Trend Study, Science
1973-74 Career Education Writing
1974-75 Art Basic Skills Reading
1975-76 Mathematics Social Studies (Citizenship)
1976-77 Basic Skills Science
1977-78 Long-Term Trend Study, Math Consumer Education
1978-79 Art Music Writing
1979-80 Art Literature Reading
1980-81 Probably Field Testing only
1981-82 Long-Term Trend Study3, Math Long-Term Trend Study, Science Social Studies (Citizenship)
1982-83 Field Testing only
1983-84 ReadingWriting
1984-85 Probably Field Testing only
1985-86 Long-Term Trend Study, Math Long-Term Trend Study, Reading Long-Term Trend Study, Science; also NAEP Literature
1986-87 Civics
1987-88 ReadingGeography U.S. History, also Writing
1988-89 Probably Field Testing only
1989-90 Mathematics
1990-91 Long-Term Trend Study
1991-92 Mathematics (4and8) Reading (4 only)
1992-93 Long-Term Trend Study
1993-94 Reading (4 only) Geography
1994-95 Long-Term Trend Study
1995-96 Mathematics Science (8 only) U. S. History; also LTT4
1996-97 Arts5
1997-98 ReadingWriting (8 only) Civics
1998-99 Long-Term Trend Study
1999-2000 Mathematics Science Reading
2000-01 Geography U.S. History
2001-02 ReadingWriting
2002-03 Mathematics Reading
2003-04 Long-Term Trend Study
2004-05 Mathematics ReadingScience High School Transcript Study
2005-06 Civics Economics (grade 12 only) U. S. History
2006-07 Mathematics Reading (grades 4 and 8) Writing (8 only)
2007-08 Arts6Long-Term Trend Study
2008-09 Mathematics ReadingScience High School Transcript Study
2009-10 Civics Geography U.S. History
2010-11 Mathematics (4, 8)Reading (4, 8)Science (8)Writing
2011-12 Economics (grade 12 only)Long-Term Trend Study
2012-13 Mathematics (4, 8, 12)Reading (4, 8, 12)
2013-14 Civics Geography Technology and Engineering LiteracyU.S. History
2014-15 Mathematics (4, 8, 12)Reading (4, 8, 12)Science (4, 8, 12)High School Transcript Study
2015-16 Arts Long-Term Trend Study
2016-17 Mathematics (4, 8, 12)Reading (4, 8, 12)Writing (4, 8, 12)

    1. From 1990 through 2002, the cycle had state results in even years and national-only results in odd years. When NAEP became part of the "No Child Left Behind legislation, the cycle shifted to state results during odd years.
    2. Assessment of students aged 9, 13, and 17; this is the longest running longitudinal study in the nation
    3. Long-Term Trend Study Questions stable from 1982 to the present; prior Lont-Term Trend Study may have had different items and a different framework.
    4. Meaning Long-Term Trend Study
    5. Music, visual arts, and drama performance
    6. Music and visual arts



Memos and Notices

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Contact Us

Robert Hillier
NAEP State Coordinator for Hawaii

email: robert_hillier@notes.k12.hi.us

State of Hawaii Department of Education
Student Assessment Section
641 18th Avenue #V102
Honolulu, HI 96816

Telephone: (808) 733-4100, ext.232
Monday through Friday, 7:45 AM - 4:30 PM HST

Fax: (808) 733-4483

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Hawaii State Department of Education, P.O. Box 2360, Honolulu, HI 96804; Physical address: 1390 Miller St, Honolulu, HI 96813; phone: 808-586-4077; fax: 808-586-4063. All rights reserved. For problems/questions concerning this web site, please email hsa@notes.k12.hi.us. Links to other web sites should not be considered an endorsement. DOE is not responsible for the content of external web sites. Terms of use